ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

 

National and Regional Environmental Problems In France

 

French people have to respect certain balances in order to use best their natural, rich, but not inexhaustible territory potential:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DAILY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

 

Our environment is our life, so we have to respect it. It‘s everyone’s own duty to protect our planet. We should fight daily against pollution, and destruction of the fauna and the flora.

 

In order to decrease all these damages, here are some advices, very few ones actually as regard as what we ought to do.

 

Homes:

 

 

Garden:

 

 

Cars:

 

 

 

 

ENVIRONNEMENTAL PROTECTION POLICY

 

OBJECTIVE: improve people’s health and environment while dealing with competitiveness and strengthening the E.U chemistry innovative spirit.

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

 

It’s the role of the Ministry of the Environment, of the Regional Development and of the Civil Engineering to deal with this matter.

 

It was created in 1980, so as to concentrate all the responsibilities in a same structure, this

ministry has been quite developing these last ten years. However some special tasks still remain the responsibility of the Agriculture ministry (e.g. forests and hunting), or Industry or even Technological Research.

 

 

More efficient environmental MEASURES :

- Environment charter (2004)

- Environment code (2000)

- Expenditures linked to environmental measures without interfering with

the French economy competitiveness.

 

 

THE AIR :

 

- notable decrease in the main polluting agents , heavy metals, and organic compounds thanks to the fact that there is no longer any connection with the industrial growth.

 

 

New transport and urban policies:

 

- When the pollution peak has reached a high level, cars’ access to city centres would be limited or even suppressed. Speed limit is 50km/ph on ring roads

- Vehicles taxes vary according to the degree of pollution

 

 

WATER :

 

(really effective integrated management, in application of the principles polluter/ debtor and user/ debtor):

 

- Constant decrease in the industrial pollution of waters (the chemical industries have the obligation to see to it that liquid waste would be filtered before coming into the rivers).

- Improvement in the water management resource (meters), especially concerning irrigation

water (no right to water garden, no wash car, in case drought).

- Some cities would even turn off any water source. (e.g. Fountains).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATURE AND BIODIVERSITY :

- protected areas extended from 9.5 % to 13.3 % in the metropolitan territory.

- Development of natural regional parks and improving of great sites.

- Development in a systematic approach of the forests management and increase in the

woods certification.

- A 2004 national strategy for the biodiversity.

 

INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS.

 

- France’s active role in the elaboration of global agreements in matter of environmental protection and sustaining development.

- in matter of environment international law , precisely concerning the international enforcement of the environmental governance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Green movement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Green movement (‘Les Verts’) is a French political ecological left wing party. The complete name being: ‘The Green movement, Ecological Confederation and Ecologist Party’.

 

The green movement was born in 1984, from the merging of the Ecological Party and the Ecological Confederation, which had been created in 1982.

 

On 24 th April 1988, Antoine Waechter, the Green candidate to the French presidential election, got a 3.8% poll.

 

In June 1999, the Green list to the European elections, whose leader was Daniel Cohn-Bendit, obtained 9.72% in the vote; that score allowed the Greens to gain 7 European / Brussels’ deputies..

 

On 21 st April 2002, Noel Mamère, the Green candidate to the French presidential election, got 5.25% in the vote.

 

One 16 th January 2005, Yann Wehrling became the party spokesman; he was then replacing Gilles Lemaire.

 

 

 

 

Yann Wehrling, en janvier 2005

 

Yann Wehrling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Their actions

 

 

 

 

 

However, the Greens aren’t very much appreciated by French people, because they seem to be more concerned with politics than with environment, contrary to other famous people such as:

Nicolas HULOT

For example.

 

 

 

ANIMAL PROTECTION

 

Endangered species:

 

France protects rarest and rarest species: bears and the wolves.

 

 

But the French government has set up a Pyrenean project of reintroducing endangered species. The Minister of the Ecology thus announced a restoration plan consisting in getting 5 bears back (preferably female ones).

 

 

On the other hand, since July 22nd, 1993, the application of the Bern Agreement forbidding capture, detention, destruction, marketing or transport of any wolf has allowed to protect that species.

 

THE SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS (SPCA)

 

For 150 years the SPCA has been dealing daily with protecting defending the animals on the whole territory.

The SPA is state approved, it deals with the authorities and leads appropriate actions in favour of a legislation and application progresses toward the animals.

Thanks to repeated legal actions the SPCA manages 700 complaints a year.

Thanks to its tenacity, the SPCA has succeeded in heightening justice awareness on the importance of fighting against animal cruelty.

The SPCA has started several actions to fight against hostility to animals, here are some examples:

 

 

THE CONNECTION BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND THE ECONOMIC SITUATION

 

The connection between the various companies and the environment situation is a really huge topical case.

 

This case aims at finding answers facing new pressures and new opportunities challenged through a more respectful production of the environment and the people.

 

The first part thus deals with the company pressures on the environmental issues.

 

It deals with the takings of natural resources (water, energy consumption, raw materials, grounds….), of dumping and pollution (refuse in the water, in the atmosphere, waste resulting from the companies ‘activities, ground pollution), various nuisances (mainly noise), but also with several industrial and technological risks.

 

The analysis led by the authors mainly highlights of the fact there is no longer any connection between the industrial growth and the companies’ pressures on environmental matters.

 

Decoupling: «the fact that there is no longer any connection between the industrial growth and the companies’ pressures on environmental matters.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPLOSION OF THE AZF FACTORY IN TOULOUSE (21 September 2001)

 

 

OILSLICKS FROM THE “ERIKA” OIL DISATER (12 September 2001)

 

The environmental ruling concerns the French and E.U laws and regulations, (1976 famous law, Seveso II instructions, laws on technological risks).

The introduction of the sustaining development policy has offered great opportunities as regards the companies’ social responsibility notion.

 

The second part deals with the companies’ reactions facing these questions. The authors give the total amount of the companies’ expenditures in order to deal with environmental protection (€11.5 billion in 2001 – figures that should need to be compared with others such as those about advertising matters, or environmental protection issues coming from other actors or local communities for example.

 

Concerning the link between environment and competitiveness, the main concern as protecting the environment does not seem to be an obstacle to the companies’ competitiveness - considering the still relatively limited company costs; it is today an essential part of the corporate culture ( e.g. :Danone)

 

This part ends with the highlight of the increasing implication of the different actors (consumers, suppliers, local residents) ruling in fact the environmental management of the companies in taking into account the communicative and organizational aspects.

 

 

 

VOLUNTEERS FOR THE CLEANING OF THE ENVIRONMENT

 

The question of the relationships between the companies and the environment issues matters with the question of the sustaining development and the negation of the social aspects. Both issues appear today as a necessity.

We do hope that, just like for the governmental concepts and sustaining development, it won’t end up into a great business tool, only dealing with superficial matters avoiding all the right questions.

 

Today can we go on increasing our production and our consumption without taking into account the future generation?

 

Indeed, if we can consider from this study that there is in France a connection between the industrial growth and the pressures on the environment issues, then we could be very optimistic as far as the global issues are concerned.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

 

 

Internet :

 

- http://developpementdurable.revues.org

 

Picture Internet :